i Gendered: The project attends the centrality of gender and gendered power relations throughout. This is not only in terms of the substantive focus of the research, but also in terms of the gender composition of the Research Network. Issues of gendered content and process will need to be addressed throughout the research, including the production of data and the interpretation of data and gaps in data. The project seeks to take into account the complex intersection of gendered inequalities with other forms of social disadvantage.

ii Comparative: The project, through comparative study, examines men's practices, gender relations and social policy responses to them in their specific social and cultural contexts. Consequently, it seeks to understand them as both socially and culturally constructed and with real material forms, effects and outcomes for people's lives. Its methodology attends to both material inequalities and discursive constructions.

iii Multiple Methods: It is assumed that no one method is able to answer the spread of research questions. A range of methods will therefore be employed. They will be instituted as a series of phased workpackages. While attending to the existing statistical and other information, qualitative and grounded methods and analyses will be emphasised and developed throughout the project. It will be necessary to critically reflect on the methods in use as the project proceeds.

iv Ethical Sensitivity: Throughout the project attention will be given to ethical questions in the gathering, storage and distribution of information; in the self-reflective development of multiple methods; and in the conduct of Network members, meetings and other activities.